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Artificial Intelligence (AI)

The Difference Between AI and Machine Learning?

A lot of digital content discusses AI and ML by using them as synonyms, while the leading technology they focus on is supervised learning – a branch of ML, but more on that later.

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Will AI render Software Developers Obsolete

Do you ever read articles mentioning both Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Machine Learning (ML) and ask yourself how do these relate and how do they differ from each other? Don’t worry; you’re not alone in this struggle. Our global society is becoming increasingly digitised, and chatbots, speech processing devices and intelligent mobile app algorithms are all around us, so you better catch up with the trends. It is time to demystify the concepts of AI and ML and finally bring some clarity into the blurry picture.

From my practice working in a bespoke software development company, I hear and read about deep learning, neural networks and autonomous systems all the time. This article puts the main differences between those buzzwords in the spotlight and reveals what hides behind it all. Some companies only claim to use AI to market their products better, hoping that only true tech enthusiasts will notice the difference. While there are indeed lots of overlapping technologies behind AI and ML, here are the fundamental difference setting them apart:

1. The Core of AI and ML as Technologies

A lot of digital content discusses AI and ML by using them as synonyms, while the leading technology they focus on is supervised learning – a branch of ML, but more on that later. Artificial Intelligence is a subsector of Information Technology (IT) that focuses on developing machine algorithms that simulate natural human intelligence and automating them to behave in a way that exerts intelligence.

The main areas that concern AI is learning from experience and efficient problem-solving. As John McCarthy, the father of AI, once put it, AI mimics human intelligence but is not constrained by biologically observable methods.

Machine Learning, on the other hand, is a subset of AI that concentrates on developing computer algorithms that get machines closer to learning like actual humans. Here is a Venn diagram to make it simpler. The recognition of distinct patterns and pattern regularities and the subsequent derivation of suitable solutions are the tasks that this technology masters.

An algorithm needs to be fed existing databases to learn to recognise and follow the patterns for this to happen. The ML generates artificial knowledge derived from its previous experience. All the knowledge that is gained can be generalised and applied for solving other problems. This approach allows previously unknown data to be processed and used quickly.

2. Types of Artificial Intelligence

Generally speaking, there are two main types of AI: weak (narrow) and strong (general). Most of the AI-powered software solutions we come across are weak ones, and it is called like that because it can only perform several tasks well, meaning it has limited functionality.

The narrow type of AI can successfully handle simple problem-solving tasks after the appropriate training period. Some of the main areas where narrow AI can shine are text, speech or image recognition, navigation systems, streaming services etc.

The second type of AI – the strong one, is yet to be fully developed. It refers to programming machines to perform complete tasks, requiring general intelligence and human-like consciousness. These types of futuristic robots will be able to think autonomously without special training. They will most like show some level of self-awareness, while it is not expected that narrow AI will reach such a cognitive awareness state.

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3. Types of Machine Learning

While we wait for this general AI type to become more than a far-fetched concept, let’s discuss the main subdivisions of ML, shall we? There are three core ML types: Supervised Learning (SL), Unsupervised Learning (UL) and Reinforcement Learning (RL). SL is when software developers instruct the algorithm to learn something, e.g. differentiate between a snail and a turtle by designing training and data sets.

These include input values (e.g. object features) with labels and the desired outcome (e.g. proper classification). For example, supervised learning already helps automate X-ray readings, face recognition, malware detection or weather forecasting.

UL stands for using only input data without a previously defined goal or human supervision. For instance, ML experts use unlabeled dataset, such as animal pictures without the labels ‘’snail’’ and ‘’turtle’’ with the goal that the program makes meaning of the data and detects underlying structures on it own.

The last type of ML is reinforcement learning is based on the reward principle. It all starts with an initial state without any background information, and the program must perform an action, and the system receives negative or positive feedback. The process continues until the desired shape is reached.

4. Deep Learning and Neural Networks

When reading about AI, people often stumble upon two other buzzwords, causing a mild degree of confusion, so let’s also explore what deep learning and neural networks mean. First, to cast some light on the two concepts, I should mention that deep learning is a subfield of machine learning, and the most widely used method for deep learning is by utilising neural networks.

The neural network concept has its foundation in the human biological networks in the brain, which receive signals from nearby cells and decide whether this signal is important and if they should send it further. In the context of machines, the input, e.g. cat’s picture, plays the role of a signal, which is transmitted through different layers and to get to the output (result), which can be if the system decides to categorise the picture as a cat. Applied to more complex scenarios, deep learning using neural networks are behind self-driving cars or voice control systems.

5. What are the Use Cases of AI

I hope you now recognise the differences between AI and ML and that all the attention around these trends is well deserved. Once again, human beings prove that with the right knowledge, using the right tools and techniques, countless inspiring solutions can be developed in the future.

Some of the most promising business domains where AI is already improving core processes are supply chain management, automated quality control, self-driving vehicles, automated support processes (e.g. ticketing systems, chatbots etc.), predictive maintenance. Moreover, AI carries a huge potential to facilitate innovation in the R&D (Research and Development) sector as Big Data and Data Analytics become inseparable parts of obtaining powerful data insights and drive businesses forward.

Aleksandrina is a Content Author at Dreamix, a custom software development company, and is keen on innovative technological solutions with a positive influence on our world. Her teaching background, mixed with her interest in psychology, drives her to share knowledge. She is an avid reader and enthusiastic blogger, always looking for the next inspiration.

We are an Instructor, Modern Full Stack Web Application Developers, Freelancers, Tech Bloggers, and Technical SEO Experts. We deliver a rich set of software applications for your business needs.

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AI Tools

A Guide To Using AI for Knowledge Management

Using AI for knowledge management and to transform massive data pools into actionable insights is not just beneficial; it’s becoming a necessity to stay competitive.

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In the digital era, the fusion of AI technology with knowledge management is revolutionizing the way organizations manage and exploit their informational assets. Using AI for knowledge management and to transform massive data pools into actionable insights is not just beneficial; it’s becoming a necessity to stay competitive. Keep reading to unlock the full potential of AI-driven knowledge management.

1. The Intersection of AI and Knowledge Management: A Synergy Explained

Knowledge management traditionally involves capturing, organizing, and distributing knowledge across an organization. When AI steps into this territory, the potential for enhanced efficiency and decision-making emerges. AI algorithms can sort through and analyze data at a rate no human can match, revealing patterns and insights that can be critical for strategic planning. This melding of AI with knowledge management practices is a modern alchemy, creating an invaluable resource.

One of the most significant benefits of integrating AI into knowledge management is the automation of data processing. AI systems can continuously learn from new data, refining their algorithms and providing even richer insights over time. Moving from static data repositories to dynamic knowledge hubs, businesses are now armed with constantly evolving intelligence. This represents a profound shift from data being a static historical record to a dynamic, predictive tool for decision-making.

Using AI for Knowledge Management is a top solution

Customization is another strong suit of AI in this space. Rather than one-size-fits-all information resources, AI can personalize knowledge dissemination to the needs of each employee. The focus moves beyond mere information access to ensuring the right knowledge reaches the right person at the right time.

2. Implementing AI in Your Knowledge Management Strategy

Transitioning to an AI-driven knowledge management system begins with identifying the scope and objectives of knowledge needed. Organizations must be clear about the kind of knowledge that is most valuable and how AI can aid in its cultivation and dissemination.

Following initial evaluations, the selection of appropriate AI tools and technologies becomes the next crucial step. There are various AI solutions designed for specific knowledge management tasks, from natural language processing for content analysis to machine learning models that predict trends and behaviors.

Integrating AI requires a cultural shift within the organization. Employee buy-in is crucial, and it is important to address any concerns about job displacement head-on. Training and educating the workforce on the benefits and use of AI systems can facilitate smoother adoption, ensuring everyone understands the role of AI as a partner, not a replacement, in the knowledge ecosystem.

3. The Impact of AI on Knowledge Retention and Dissemination

An AI chip sits in a computer

The true value of AI in knowledge management is often most visible when assessing knowledge retention and dissemination within the organization. AI-driven systems can significantly enhance the ability to capture institutional knowledge, store it and make it available in engaging, interactive formats that increase retention.

Analytics are also central to measuring the impact of AI on knowledge management. By evaluating these metrics, businesses can see whether the knowledge is being leveraged effectively, which areas may need more focus, and where improvements can be made.

Furthermore, AI can be a boon for training and development programs. By adapting to the learning pace and style of individual employees, AI can deliver personalized training recommendations and content, leading to more effective learning outcomes.

Altogether, AI is transforming the realm of knowledge management with its capacity to automate, personalize, and revolutionize how information is processed and utilized. Challenges notwithstanding, the rewards of integrating AI into knowledge management strategies are profound, paving the way for smarter.

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